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Which Country Has the Most Languages in the World?

Language is vital for us humans because it connects us to different communities and nations. But, besides learning about language, we must also know how to nurture it. In this article, we will learn which country has the most languages in the world, some fun facts about different languages, and what we can do to help them thrive.


Which Country Has the Most Languages?

Papua New Guinea has the most languages in the world, with 840 languages in use. This number is significantly higher than the entirety of Europe’s languages, which mark 287. 

Papua New Guinea’s richness is evident in the country’s islands, where nearly 94 languages are spoken for every million inhabitants. Papuan language families are not related but are collectively referred to as “Papuan.” This term includes over sixty languages, where the most famous are Trans-New Guinea, Madang, Finisterre-Huon and more.

Conversely, the least spoken language in the world is Kusunda. This language originates in Western and Central Nepal, but there is only one fluent speaker today.


What Are The Most Spoken Languages in the US?

People in the United States speak over 350 languages. American English is mostly used for official pronouncements, while the other languages are spoken by its residents. 

Spanish Creole is the second most common language, with over 41 million speakers in 2021. Then it’s Chinese with 3.5 million speakers, Tagalog with 1.7 million, and Vietnamese with 1.5 million. 

Among the least spoken languages are Haitian Creole, Russian, and Portuguese. But, despite their smaller communities, these languages carry significant cultural weight in the US. 


What Continents Have The Most Indigenous Languages?

Asia and Africa have the highest number of indigenous languages, contributing nearly two-thirds of the world’s languages. This is no surprise, considering factors like terrain, cultural history, and ancient civilizations. 

Despite the abundant languages originating in these continents, about 84% of people globally use languages from Asia or Europe. This dominance is partly due to the large population of these areas and the impact of colonial expansion in recent centuries. 

In contrast, Pacific languages are spoken by a relatively small number of people.  Even though 18.5% of the world’s languages originate from the Pacific, they have a minimal representation in global population stats.


How Can We Preserve Languages?

Language diversity is a unique expression of what we are as humans. As such, it reflects the different ways in which people understand and interact with the world around them. When a language is lost, so are its history and culture. Thus, it’s essential for us to preserve languages around the world. 

Preserving endangered languages is also vital in supporting cultural heritage. Many languages already face the risk of extinction, taking with them the knowledge, traditions, and ways of life. Luckily, there are a few things we can do to prevent this.


Documentation & Archiving

The easiest way we can preserve a language is by documentation and archiving. This involves systematically recording oral traditions and narratives shared by these people. We can even observe their songs and everyday conversations, which are incredibly valuable to further enhance language acquisition.

These recordings are stored in digital archives that linguists, researchers, and community members can access anytime. We can then use translation services to turn them into spoken languages so more people can understand the endangered language.


Investing in Education

Language education and literacy programs play a crucial role in preserving endangered languages. Introducing the language into formal education systems enables younger generations to learn and appreciate their linguistic heritage. 

Community-based classes and workshops can further improve language learning as they foster a sense of pride and ownership within the community. Literacy programs in this field can also develop materials to teach reading and writing skills in the endangered language. This way, people can feel more empowered to engage with written texts and documents.


Policy Making

Policy and advocacy are the last step toward getting support for language preservation. To ensure institutional recognition and protection, people must first lobby for language rights. Then, lawmakers can mandate the inclusion of endangered languages in official cultural contexts, further boosting support. 

One way we can help in this cycle is by promoting awareness campaigns. These campaigns raise public consciousness about the urgent need to preserve endangered languages for future generations. Through these concerted efforts, communities can work towards revitalizing and safeguarding their endangered languages in a clearer future for all.



Language is a vital component of our global society, reflecting the richness of human cultures. These cultures are often portrayed with fun stats that further contribute to their richness. For example, we now know that the country with the most languages in the world is Papua New Guinea, while the least spoken language is Kusunda.

But, despite all the interesting facts about language, countries like India and the United States have already shown us the importance of preserving them. Through education and community engagement, we can help ensure these languages continue to thrive. 

Ultimately, this will enrich our global community with their unique stories and traditions, so we must collectively take action as soon as possible. 

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